What is an "accessory after the fact" in Nevada?

Posted by Neil Shouse | Mar 30, 2015 | 0 Comments

Nevada law recognizes two types of parties to a criminal offense:

  1. Principals, who are the people who actually commit a crime, and
  2. Accessories after the fact (or "accessories"), who are people who hide, aid, or otherwise help principals avoid arrest, trial, conviction, or punishment for the crime

In sum, accessories after the fact assist principals in escaping prosecution or sentencing for a past offense. Typical examples of accessory behavior include:

  • concealing a principal
  • throwing out evidence of a crime
  • helping fugitives run away
  • telling lies to the police

Note that people are not considered accessories under Nevada law if they are related to the principal as a spouse, sibling, parent, grandparent, child, or grandchild. Also note that no accessories exist in misdemeanor cases...only felonies and gross misdemeanors can have accessories in Nevada.

Common defenses to Nevada accessory charges include that the defendant acted under duress, was merely a bystander mistaken as an accessory, or lacked any knowledge of the principal's crime. The punishment for acting as an accessory to a felony crime includes:

  • 1 - 5 years in Nevada State Prison, and
  • maybe up to $10,000 in fines

The punishment for acting as an accessory to a gross misdemeanor carries:

  • 30 days - 6 months in jail, and/or
  • $100 - $500 in fines

Being an accessory is different from being a conspirator. Whereas conspiracies consist of two or more people who agree to commit a crime, accessories act after the crime is committed and without having to agree with anyone. Read more information about the Nevada crime of being an accessory after the fact.

About the Author

Neil Shouse

A former Los Angeles prosecutor, attorney Neil Shouse graduated with honors from UC Berkeley and Harvard Law School (and completed additional graduate studies at MIT). He has been featured on CNN, Good Morning America, Dr Phil, Court TV, The Today Show and Court TV. Mr Shouse has been recognized by the National Trial Lawyers as one of the Top 100 Criminal and Top 100 Civil Attorneys.


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