Tractor trailers, also called 18-wheelers or semi trucks, are the largest vehicles on Nevada's roadways and can cause catastrophic collisions. If accident victims can show that the truck driver or the trucking company was negligent, it may be possible to file a lawsuit seeking recovery for:
- doctor's bills,
- lost salary, wages, and/or tips,
- loss of future earnings,
- pain and suffering,
- wrongful death and/or
- punitive damages (if the driver intended to cause the accident)
Even if both the truck driver and victim contributed to the tractor-trailer accident, Nevada's comparative negligence laws may still permit the victim to recover damages. The only rules is that the victim was no more to blame than the truck driver (or trucking company) for the collision.
Remember if you are in a tractor-trailer accident, cooperate with the police but do not admit fault. And do not speak to the other driver's insurance company without an attorney. The driver's insurance company may try to settle the matter for far less than you deserve.
In this article our Nevada personal injury attorneys answer frequently-asked-questions about tractor-trailer accidents in Nevada, including possible claims, statutes of limitations, and financial settlements. Click on a topic to jump to that section:
- 1. What can I do if I got injured by a tractor-trailer in Nevada?
- 2. What money can I get if I am hit by a tractor-trailer in Nevada?
- 3. Whom can I sue if I got injured by a tractor-trailer in Nevada?
- 4. What if the tractor-trailer driver ran into me on purpose in Nevada?
- 5. What if I was partially at fault for getting hit by a tractor-trailer in Nevada?
- 6. When can I sue after a tractor-trailer accident in Nevada?
Also see our related article on Las Vegas truck accidents.
Drivers and pedestrians injured in semi truck accidents typically sue the driver and the driver's employer for negligence. Negligence consists of four elements that the injured party must prove in order to recover money in Nevada:
- The defendant(s) owed the plaintiff (victim) a duty of care;
- The defendant(s) breached this duty;
- This breach caused the plaintiff's injury; and
- This injury resulted in damages.1
Here is an example of how negligence by a semi truck driver and employer can result in a Nevada road accident:
Example: John, a truck driver, is late delivering a shipment. He has not slept in more than a day, but he is under his quota. Additionally, his employer told him to keep driving anyway despite not having slept. While driving on the I-15 in Las Vegas, John dozes off from fatigue and veers off the road and runs over a motorcyclist. The collision kills the motorcyclist instantly.
Here, the motorcyclist's family would probably win in a negligence lawsuit against the driver and the driver's employer: The tractor-trailer driver and his employer had a duty of care to prevent driving with insufficient sleep. John breached this duty by continuing to drive even though he had no sleep, and the company breached this duty by ordering John to keep driving even though they knew John was sleep-deprived. John's fatigue caused him to fall asleep at the wheel and run over the motorcyclist. And the motorcyclist's death resulted in damages, including funeral expenses and loss of earnings for his family.
1.1 Tractor trailer rules
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and the Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) mandate several safety rules that tractor-trailer drivers and companies are required to follow. Some of these include:
- Drivers may drive up to eleven (11) hours a day;
- Drivers may work up to fourteen (14) hours a day (therefore, at least three (3) of those hours would be non-driving duties);
- Drivers may not operate a tractor-trailer for more than eight (8) hours without having a half-hour break.
- A loaded tractor-trailer may not weigh more than 129,000 pounds--approximately 60 tons.2
Accidents resulting from failure to follow these rules may be grounds for negligent lawsuits.
1.2. Tractor trailer accident causes
The typical reason behind a tractor-trailer accident is that the driver or trucking company was negligent. Examples of such negligence include:
- The driver was "driving drowsy" (as discussed above) because he/she ignored their sleeping, break, and driving time-limit requirements;
- The driver was under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI);
- The driver was speeding, which may happen if he/she was late or under pressure by his/her employer to hurry;
- The semi was overloaded or improperly loaded with cargo;
- The driver backed up after failing to give proper warning;
- The driver lost control while driving on an incline or decline;
- The driver operated the semi in a way that caused the road to collapse, such as driving too near the median, a work zone, or a soft shoulder; and/or
- The driver had insufficient training to operate the tractor-trailer
Note that if the semi-truck itself malfunctioned or was somehow defective, the injured party may also be able to sue the truck manufacturer on strict liability grounds as well. Furthermore, the manufacturer may be on the hook for damages for breach of implied warranties and failure to warn.3
1.3. Tractor trailer accident injuries
18-wheelers are the biggest vehicles on the road, weighing approximately 32,000 pounds with no cargo. So when they hit a pedestrian, bicyclist, sedan, SUV or even a pickup (which averages only 6,000 pounds), the fallout can be catastrophic and often deadly.
Victims in tractor-trailer collisions may be eligible to receive "compensatory damages" for:
- medical bills from hospitals, doctors and pharmacies;
- lost wages (while the injured party is too incapacitated to work);
- lost earning capacity (if the injury prevents the victim from future employment);
- pain and suffering (capped at $350,000), and/or
- wrongful death
Note that semi-truck drivers who are government employees acting in the course of their job are liable for only $100,000 in medical bills and lost wages.4
Possible defendants in Nevada tractor-trailer accident cases include:
- The driver of the semi truck;
- The employer of the semi truck's driver; or
- The manufacturer of the semi truck, if the truck was defective;
Depending on the case, there may also be a cause of action against the local or federal government if it failed to maintain a safe highway and proper signage.
18-wheeler operators who intentionally plow into other drivers or pedestrians may be ordered to pay punitive damages as well as compensatory damages. Nevada typically caps punitive damages at:
- $300,000 when the compensatory damages awarded to the plaintiff is less than $100,000, or
- Three times (3) the compensatory damages when the amount of compensatory damages is $100,000 or higher.5
Note that tractor-trailer drivers who deliberately cause an accident face criminal charges as well.
A person who partially caused a tractor-trailer accident might still be eligible to receive money damages as long as he/she was less than 51% at fault. Predictably, victims receive less money the more they were to blame...
For example, if a victim was 25% at fault for a tractor-trailer collision on the I-80 in Reno because he/she drove too closely behind the semi, then the victim will receive 25% less damages that he/she would if he/she were totally blameless. But if the victim is 51% or more at fault for hitting the 18-wheeler, then the victim receives no damages at all.6
5.1. Contributing to a tractor-trailer accident
Anyone sharing a road with a tractor-trailer is advised to drive especially cautiously. Common examples of how non-commercial drivers contribute to an 18-wheeler collision are the following:
- Driving in between two semi trucks when there is inadequate space;
- Passing a semi truck when there is inadequate space;
- Driving in the semi truck's blind spot or other no-visibility zone;
- Tailgating a semi truck;
- Switching lanes quickly or without warning in front of a semi truck; and
- Underestimating a semi truck's speed while merging or making a turn against traffic
Typical evidence lawyers use to try to determine fault in tractor-trailer accidents include surveillance video, GPS records, weather reports, eye-witnesses, and photos of the damage and road conditions that the victim or others may have taken after the incident.
Another piece of valuable evidence can be the logbook that tractor-trailer drivers are required to keep. These books are supposed to document in fifteen (15) minute increments the drivers' tasks, including working, driving, and breaks.
People injured by semi trucks in Nevada have two (2) years following the incident to sue for personal injury.7
Call a Nevada personal injury attorney...
Were you injured by a tractor-trailer in Nevada? Then call our Las Vegas tractor trailer accident attorneys at 702-DEFENSE (702-333-3673) for a free meeting. Our mission is to win the largest financial settlement possible. In most cases, we can resolve a matter with no trial. And you pay nothing unless we win the case.
- See, e.g. Scialabba v. Brandise Const. Co.,112 Nev. 965, 921 P.2d 928 (1996).
- 23 CFR Appendix C to Part 658.
- See, e.g. Valentine v. Pioneer Chlor Alkali, 109 Nev. 1107, 864 P.2d 295, 297 (1993).
- NRS 41.035.
- NRS 42.005.
- NRS 41.141.
- NRS 11.190.