Updated February 28, 2020
Penal Code 3455 PC is the California statute that instructs courts how to treat ex-prisoners who violate the terms of their Post Release Community Supervision (PRCS). The court may modify or revoke the PRCS or refer the person to reentry court.
3455 PC states that:
(a) If the supervising county agency has determined, following application of its assessment processes, that intermediate sanctions as authorized in subdivision (b) of Section 3454 are not appropriate, the supervising county agency shall petition the court pursuant to Section 1203.2 to revoke, modify, or terminate postrelease community supervision. At any point during the process initiated pursuant to this section, a person may waive, in writing, his or her right to counsel, admit the violation of his or her postrelease community supervision, waive a court hearing, and accept the proposed modification of his or her postrelease community supervision. The petition shall include a written report that contains additional information regarding the petition, including the relevant terms and conditions of postrelease community supervision, the circumstances of the alleged underlying violation, the history and background of the violator, and any recommendations. The Judicial Council shall adopt forms and rules of court to establish uniform statewide procedures to implement this subdivision, including the minimum contents of supervision agency reports. Upon a finding that the person has violated the conditions of postrelease community supervision, the revocation hearing officer shall have authority to do all of the following:
(1) Return the person to postrelease community supervision with modifications of conditions, if appropriate, including a period of incarceration in a county jail.
(2) Revoke and terminate postrelease community supervision and order the person to confinement in a county jail.
(3) Refer the person to a reentry court pursuant to Section 3015 or other evidence-based program in the court’s discretion.
(b)(1) At any time during the period of postrelease community supervision, if a peace officer has probable cause to believe a person subject to postrelease community supervision is violating any term or condition of his or her release, the officer may, without a warrant or other process, arrest the person and bring him or her before the supervising county agency established by the county board of supervisors pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 3451 . Additionally, an officer employed by the supervising county agency may seek a warrant and a court or its designated hearing officer appointed pursuant to Section 71622.5 of the Government Code shall have the authority to issue a warrant for that person’s arrest.
(2) The court or its designated hearing officer shall have the authority to issue a warrant for a person who is the subject of a petition filed under this section who has failed to appear for a hearing on the petition or for any reason in the interests of justice, or to remand to custody a person who does appear at a hearing on the petition for any reason in the interests of justice.
(3) Unless a person subject to postrelease community supervision is otherwise serving a period of flash incarceration, whenever a person who is subject to this section is arrested, with or without a warrant or the filing of a petition for revocation, the court may order the release of the person under supervision from custody under any terms and conditions the court deems appropriate.
(c) The revocation hearing shall be held within a reasonable time after the filing of the revocation petition. Except as provided in paragraph (3) of subdivision (b), based upon a showing of a preponderance of the evidence that a person under supervision poses an unreasonable risk to public safety, or that the person may not appear if released from custody, or for any reason in the interests of justice, the supervising county agency shall have the authority to make a determination whether the person should remain in custody pending the first court appearance on a petition to revoke postrelease community supervision, and upon that determination, may order the person confined pending his or her first court appearance.
(d) Confinement pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (a) shall not exceed a period of 180 days in a county jail for each custodial sanction.
(e) A person shall not remain under supervision or in custody pursuant to this title on or after three years from the date of the person’s initial entry onto postrelease community supervision, except when his or her supervision is tolled pursuant to Section 1203.2 or subdivision (b) of Section 3456.
Legal Analysis of 3455 PC
Certain convicted felons get placed on PRCS after leaving California State Prison. While under supervision, they are required to abide by various conditions. Common ones include attending rehab and submitting to electronic monitoring.
3455 PC requires the court to hold a revocation hearing within a “reasonable time” after the petition. The person may remain in custody pending the hearing if the court finds it is more likely than not that the person poses a safety risk or may skip court.
If the hearing officer finds that the person violated PRCS, the court may either:
- Keep the person on PRCS, perhaps with additional conditions. This may include incarceration for up to 180 days;
- Revoke the PRCS and remand the person to county jail for up to 180 days; or
- Refer the person to a reentry court. Reentry court offers rehabilitative programs aimed to help offenders reenter society.
People can always waive their right to a PRCS hearing. Some prefer to admit their violation and accept any conditions the county requests in the petition.