NRS 484B.165 - "Texting while Driving" in Nevada


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Nevada drivers caught texting while operating a vehicle or otherwise handling a cell phone face a $50 fine for a first offense. But it is legal to use voice-activated technology such as Bluetooth to operate a cell phone's text-messaging, internet and GPS capabilities hands-free.

The fines for handling a wireless device behind the wheel in Nevada increase with each successive conviction. And a second-time offense comes with four (4) Nevada demerit points on the person's driver's license. But it may be possible to get traffic charges dismissed or at least reduced to a non-moving violation.

In this article, our Las Vegas traffic ticket attorneys answer frequently-asked-questions about texting while driving in Clark County and throughout Nevada, including how to build a defense, possible sentences, demerit points, bench warrants, record seals, and more. Click on a topic below to jump directly to that section:

If you have been injured by a driver who was distracted by his/her cell phone, you may be entitled to hefty money damages. Contact our Las Vegas personal injury attorneys to learn more.

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Handling a cell phone while driving is illegal in Nevada.

1. Is texting while driving illegal in Las Vegas, Nevada?

Yes. It is against Nevada law to manually type into a cell phone or other handheld wireless communication device while driving. This includes not just texting but also using one's hand to surf the web, instant message, or operate apps.

Furthermore, it is illegal merely to read from a handheld device while driving, or to hold a phone up to one's ear to speak while driving.

However, it is lawful in Nevada to use a cell phone hands-free in conjunction with a Bluetooth earpiece or similar voice-activated accessory. Therefore, drivers should take care never to physically handle their cell phone while behind the wheel. Instead, they should rely solely on a hands-free device to send texts, search the internet, or operate apps.

1.1. Exceptions:

Nevada's ban against handling a cell phone while driving does not apply to the following:

  • A paid or volunteer firefighter, emergency medical technician, advanced emergency medical technician, paramedic, ambulance attendant or other person trained to provide emergency medical services who is acting within the course and scope of his/her employment
  • A law enforcement officer or any person designated by a sheriff or chief of police or the Director of the Department of Public Safety who is acting within the course and scope of his/her employment.
  • A person who is reporting a medical emergency, a safety hazard or criminal activity or who is requesting assistance relating to a medical emergency, a safety hazard or criminal activity.
  • A person who is responding to a situation requiring immediate action to protect the health, welfare or safety of the driver or another person and stopping the vehicle would be inadvisable, impractical or dangerous.
  • A person who is licensed by the Federal Communications Commission as an amateur radio operator and who is providing a communication service in connection with an actual or impending disaster or emergency, participating in a drill, test, or other exercise in preparation for a disaster or emergency or otherwise communicating public information.
  • An employee or contractor of a public utility who uses a handheld wireless communications device (1) That has been provided by the public utility; and (2) While responding to a dispatch by the public utility to respond to an emergency, including, without limitation, a response to a power outage or an interruption in utility service.

And if the car is a lawfully-authorized self-driving vehicle, passengers in the "driver's seat" may handle a cell phone.1

2. Can I use GPS-navigation while behind the wheel in Nevada?

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Yes, but the driver may not program the device while driving--the automobile would need to be in park. But the driver can use his/her voice to communicate with the GPS while driving.

Drivers are allowed to mount ("affix") a GPS device to the vehicle. But the device must not obstruct his/her view through the windshield of the highway.2

3. How do I fight charges for texting while driving in Las Vegas, Nevada?

A defense attorney would try to compile as much evidence as possible that shows or suggests that the defendant was not handling a wireless device while driving. This evidence typically includes:

  • the defendant's phone records,
  • surveillance video,
  • photographs, and/or
  • eye-witnesses

As long as the D.A. has insufficient evidence to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, the charge may be dismissed.

4. What are the penalties for texting while operating a vehicle in Las Vegas, Nevada?

Handling a wireless device while driving is a misdemeanor in Nevada. The penalties increase for each successive conviction within a seven (7) year period:

Texting while Driving offense


1st offense within a 7-year period


2nd offense within a 7-year period


3rd (or later) offense within a 7-year period


And if the violation allegedly occurred in a work zone, the court will double the fine. Learn more about Nevada work zone penalties.3

4.1. Will texting while driving in Las Vegas, Nevada cause my auto insurance rate to go up?

Yes. That is all the more reason to hire a good attorney to try to get the charged negotiated down to an inconsequential non-moving violation.

5. Can I get the charge reduced to a non-moving violation?

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Perhaps. It really depends on the case, the available evidence, and what the prosecutor is willing to do.

6. How many points will "texting behind the wheel" put on my Nevada driver's license?

A first-time offense of handling a wireless device behind the wheel carries no demerit points. But for a second or successive offense, the Nevada DMV will put four (4) points on the person's driver's license. These points stay on the person's license for one (1) full year.

Note that accruing twelve (12) or more demerit points will result in a six (6) month license suspension.4

7. Do I have to do traffic school?

Usually the judge does not require traffic school. But defendants who complete Level 1 Nevada Traffic school may be able to get the charge reduced a more minor offense, such as a non-moving violation.5

8. What happens if I ignore my ticket in Las Vegas, Nevada?

Defendants who miss court or fine payments get a 30-day grace period before the the judge will issue a bench warrant. And if the defendant misses a payment, the judge may not issue a bench warrant until the defendant is given the option to do community service instead and then fails to do it.

Bench warrants can be recalled ("quashed"), but attorneys are the best people to handle this process. It involves writing and filing a "motion to quash" and asking for a hearing. And if the defendant hires an attorney, the attorney can go to court for him/her without the defendant having to show up (in most cases).6

9. What will happen to my Nevada commercial driver's license?

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A first-time offense will not have any effect on the person's commercial driver's licenses (CDLs). But a second-time offense will add four (4) demerit points to the CDL. Additionally, CDL-holders are required to notify their employer about the texting while driving citation within thirty (30) days of the citation.7

9.1. CDL Suspension

Texting while behind the wheel is a "serious offense" according to federal law. The DMV will suspend a person's CDL for 60 days if he/she commits two (2) "serious offenses" with a commercial vehicle within a three (3) year time frame. And for a third offense, the CDL suspension will last 120 days.8

10. What will happen to my out-of-state license?

It depends on the person's home-state DMV, which may levy different penalties than the Nevada DMV. Out-of-state drivers accused of handling a wireless device in Nevada are advised to consult with counsel in their home state with questions about their driver's license.

11. When can I seal a conviction for texting while driving in Las Vegas, Nevada?

The waiting period to get a conviction sealed in Nevada is one (1) year after the case closes.9 If the charge got dismissed, however, there is no waiting period.10

12. Will I get deported?

Texting or talking on the phone while driving without a hands-free device is not a deportable crime. But it is always very risky for non-citizens to face criminal charges, especially in this precarious political climate. All immigrants charged with traffic violations are encouraged to hire an attorney to help safeguard their resident status. Learn more about the criminal defense of immigrants in Nevada.

13. Should I fight my citation or just pay the fine?

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Even though it is easy just to pay the fine and be done with the case, it makes sense to fight. Penalties for texting while behind the wheel increase with each successive conviction, so it is worth attempting to get the charge reduced so that the defendant will not face harsher penalties if he/she is caught texting while driving again.

14. Can I go to trial?

"Texting while operating a car" can be tried in a bench trial (where the judge hands down the verdict) but not a jury trial. It is rare for traffic cases not to settle without a trial, though.11

15. Do I need an attorney?

Hiring an experienced attorney is never a bad idea in traffic ticket cases. In the vast majority of cases, attorneys can appear in court without the defendant having to show up as well. And prosecutors have a habit of extending better plea deals to attorneys than to traffic ticket defendants who do not have legal representation.

15.1. Las Vegas Justice Court "attorney sessions"

Las Vegas Metro hands out hundreds of traffic citations every day. In order to process these tickets quickly, Las Vegas Justice Court hosts biweekly "attorney sessions" on Tuesdays and Thursdays, where prosecutors and defense attorneys can meet and eke out plea deals and perhaps dismissals.

Traffic ticket? Call a Nevada criminal defense attorney...

Were you busted for texting while driving in Clark County or elsewhere in Nevada? Our Las Vegas criminal defense attorneys may be able to help. Call us at 702-DEFENSE (702-333-3673) for a FREE meeting. Our goal is to get your matter dismissed or reduced to a non-moving violation with low fines, zero demerit points, and no traffic school. If your case is in California, please visit our pages Vehicle Code 23123 & 23123.5 - handheld device tickets in California and Vehicle Code 23124 - driving with cell phone tickets for minors in California. 

If you suffered an injury because someone else was texting while operating a vehicle in Nevada, you may be owed money damages. Whether or not you were partly to blame for causing the accident, our Las Vegas car accident attorneys might be able to win you compensatory damages to pay for your medical bills, pain and suffering, lost wages, and loss of future earnings. And you pay nothing unless we win.

Legal References:

  1. NRS 484D.435; NRS 484B.165; Nevada DMV Violation Codes; the Nevada DMV refers to texting while driving as Using a wireless handheld communication device/cellular telephone, Violation Code 037 or ACD Code M86.
  2. Id.
  3. NRS 484B.165; NRS 484B.130.
  4. NAC 483.500; NAC 483.510; NAC 483.764.
  5. See, e.g., Traffic School Information, North Las Vegas Municipal Court; Las Vegas Justice Court Traffic School.
  6. NRS 173.155; see, e.g. motion to place on calendar to quash the warrant at Las Vegas Justice Court; Nevada DMV Suspension.
  7. NAC 483.500; NAC 483.510.
  8. 49 CFR §383.51.
  9. NRS 179.245.
  10. NRS 179.255.
  11. Sixth Amendment.

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