The recent "Occupy" movement has increased police vigilance of potential riots. In the fray of a riot, it's not uncommon for peaceful protesters to be wrongly arrested. But an experienced Nevada criminal defense attorney may be able to get their charges dismissed so their records remain clean.
This article summarizes the Nevada crimes of "routing" and "rioting." Scroll down to learn the law, defenses, and punishments.
The legal definition of a "rout" in Nevada is when "two or more persons meet to do an unlawful act, upon a common cause of quarrel, and make advances toward it." In other words, a rout is when people assemble to break the law and take steps to break the law, but no law ends up getting broken. Goodsprings criminal defense attorney Michael Becker gives an example:
Several UNLV students congregate on campus to vandalize the quad to protest tuition hikes. They discuss what to do and take out their spray cans, but they disperse when they see the police show up. Even though the quad remained untouched, the students would probably still be booked at the Clark County Detention Center Their actions of meeting up to protest tuition hikes and taking out their spray cans would be sufficient to qualify as a rout.
Had the students in the above example never taken out their spray cans, the prosecution would have a hard time convicting them of a rout . . . this is because the students may have met for the purpose of vandalizing the quad, but arguably they didn't "make any advances towards it."
However, note that the students in the above example could still be convicted of the Nevada crime of unlawful assembly even if they never took out the spray cans. Unlawful assembly is when "people assemble to break the law and then separate without advancing towards it."
Technically it doesn't matter whether someone is convicted of unlawful assembly or routing because both crimes carry the same penalties. But unlawful assembly is still a preferable charge because it doesn't look as bad on a background check to potential employers.
The legal definition of a "riot" in Nevada is when "two or more persons do an unlawful act of violence in a violent, tumultuous and illegal manner." One of the most notorious examples is the Rodney King riots in L.A., where people broke store windows and looted merchandise.
Note that riots are not simply routs that turned violent. Routs involve people who assemble "upon a common cause of quarrel" and who intend to break the law. Contrarily, people may be convicted of rioting even if they're acting up for different purposes and have no intention of committing a crime. Bunkerville criminal defense attorney Neil Shouse explains:
Sam and Simon show up at the Henderson Courthouse one morning with signs. Sam is protesting abortion, and Simon is protesting taxes. They grow frustrated that people are ignoring them, so they begin swinging their signs at pedestrians and running into traffic. If caught, Sam and Simon can be booked at the Henderson Jail for rioting because they acted violently. It's irrelevant that Sam and Simon were protesting different causes and didn't initially intend to commit any crime.
Note that Sam and Simon in the above example would also face additional charges for any violent crimes they commit such as the Nevada offense of assault and the Nevada offense of reckless endangerment
It's also a crime in Nevada to incite a riot by using words, gestures, signs or writing. A person may be convicted of it even if the incitement never results in a riot. Learn more in our article on the Nevada crime of inciting a riot.
The primary defense to a routing charge in Nevada is that the defendants never took any steps to break the law. Simply assembling for a lawful purpose such as an Occupy protest is perfectly legal as long as they're not trespassing or otherwise disturbing the peace.
The primary defense to a rioting charge in Nevada is that the defendants were innocent bystanders mistaken for rioters or that their fighting was justified under Nevada self-defense law. Standard evidence used in these types of cases includes eyewitnesses and surveillance recordings.
Note that no defendant may be convicted of routing or rioting unless the judge or jury believes that they were guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. That's a very high burden of proof that prosecutors need to meet. So as long as the defense attorney can show that the state's evidence is insufficient to support a guilty verdict, the charges should be dropped.
The Nevada offenses of routs and riots are punished as a misdemeanor
in Nevada. The sentence for a misdemeanor in Nevada is:
- up to 6 months in jail, and/or
- up to $1,000 in fines
Note that defendants convicted of misdemeanors need to wait another year before the court may seal their criminal record. But if the defense attorney gets the charges dismissed or gets an acquittal at trial, then the defendant may petition to seal the record right away. Learn more about sealing Nevada criminal records.
Arrested? Call . . . .
If you've been accused of rioting or routing under NRS 203.070, Las Vegas criminal defense attorneys at 702-DEFENSE (702-333-3673) can meet with you for a free consultation. They may be able to negotiate a dismissal and get the whole case dropped. Otherwise, they're prepared to fight for a not guilty verdict at trial.
We represent client throughout Nevada, including Las Vegas, Henderson, Washoe County, Reno, Carson City, Laughlin, Mesquite, Bunkerville, Moapa, Elko, Pahrump, Searchlight and Tonopah.
Also see our article on the Nevada crime of felony eluding police causing death or injury.
To learn about California rioting law, read our article on California rioting law and Penal Code 404.6 "inciting a riot" in California law.