Juvenile Justice Fees and Costs Reduced in California

Posted by Neil Shouse | May 03, 2018 | 0 Comments

California has reduced many of the fees and costs minors and their families pay in the California juvenile justice system.

The changes resulted from passage of California Senate Bill 190 (SB 190), which became effective on January 1, 2018.

Among the costs juveniles under age 21 and their parents/guardians are no longer liable for are:

  • The cost of a court-appointed lawyer to represent the minor;
  • Administrative and application fees for any home detention program; and
  • Costs of substance abuse treatment and/or testing.

Limits on solitary confinement of minors

California law has also been changed to limit the circumstances under which someone under age 18 can be placed in “room confinement” (solitary confinement).

Other than in certain emergency situations, room confinement of minors:

  • May not be used before other less restrictive options have been exhausted unless doing so would pose a threat to another minor or staff;
  • May not be used to the extent that it would compromise the mental and physical health of the minor; and
  • May not exceed four hours except during an emergency such as a natural disaster or facility-wide threat.

After four hours of solitary confinement, staff must do one or more of the following:

  1. Return the minor or ward to the general population;
  2. Consult with mental health or medical staff; and/or
  3. Develop an individualized plan for reintegrating the minor into the general population.

If the minor must be left in confinement, the staff must:

  • Document the reason;
  • Develop an individualized plan for reintegration into the general population; and
  • Get the written approval of the facility superintendent or his or her designee every four hours thereafter.

The law does not apply to single-person rooms or cells used for housing or during normal sleeping hours.

It also does not apply to minors in court holding facilities or adult facilities.

About the Author

Neil Shouse

A former Los Angeles prosecutor, attorney Neil Shouse graduated with honors from UC Berkeley and Harvard Law School (and completed additional graduate studies at MIT). He has been featured on CNN, Good Morning America, Dr Phil, Court TV, The Today Show and Court TV. Mr Shouse has been recognized by the National Trial Lawyers as one of the Top 100 Criminal and Top 100 Civil Attorneys.


There are no comments for this post. Be the first and Add your Comment below.

Leave a Comment

Free attorney consultations...

The attorneys at Shouse Law Group bring more than 100 years collective experience fighting for individuals. We're ready to fight for you. Call us 24 hours a day, 365 days a year at 855-LAW-FIRM for a free case evaluation.

Regain peace of mind...

Shouse Law Defense Group has multiple locations throughout California. Click Office Locations to find out which office is right for you.

Office Locations

Shouse Law Group has multiple locations all across California, Nevada, and Colorado. Click Office Locations to find out which office is right for you.

Call us 24/7 (855) 396-0370