In Colorado, intimidating a juror with threats of violence or damage is a criminal offense. Intimidating a juror involves using threats to influence a juror's vote or opinion. Intimidating a juror is a class 4 felony. In this article, our Colorado criminal defense lawyers will address:
- 1. What is intimidating a juror?
- 2. Which jurors are included?
- 3. What are the penalties for intimidating a juror?
- 4. Related Offenses
Intimidating a juror is using threats or acts of harm or injury to influence the juror's decision. This includes attempts to influence the juror's vote, opinion, decision, or other action.1
A defendant in a criminal or civil court case may want to influence the juror so that the jury finds in his or her favor. This could include a criminal court case where the defendant is facing jail time. Like most states, Colorado requires a unanimous jury verdict to convict a defendant in a criminal proceeding. Only one juror needs to say the defendant is not guilty and the defendant will not be found guilty.
It is not always the defendant who is trying to influence one or more jurors. The defendant's family or friends may also try and intimidate a juror into voting a certain way. The defendant may not even be aware that someone else is trying to intimidate a juror on their behalf.
A “juror” means any person who is a member of a jury or grand jury serving on a jury panel by any court in Colorado. It also includes any person who has been selected or summoned to attend as a prospective juror.2
A juror can serve on a criminal or civil case. In a criminal case, the defendant may be facing jail time, felony conviction, sex offender status, loss of privileges, or other penalties. In a civil case, the defendant or plaintiff may attempt to influence a juror where there is a lot of money at stake.
Intimidating a juror is a class 4 felony in Colorado.3 The minimum penalty for a class 4 felony conviction for intimidating a juror is 2 years in Colorado State Prison and a fine of $2,000. The maximum penalty for intimidating a juror is 6 years in prison and a fine of up to $500,000. In addition, there is a mandatory parole period of 3 years.
Bribing a juror involves offering or agreeing to offer money or any other benefit upon a juror to influence the juror's vote or opinion. Bribing a juror is a class 4 felony, with penalties including 2 to 6 years in prison and up to $500,000 in fines.
Tampering with a witness involves attempts to get a witness to withhold testimony, testify falsely, or be absent from an official proceeding. Tampering with a witness is a class 4 felony, with penalties including 2 to 6 years in prison and up to $500,000 in fines.
Retaliation against a witness or victim involves retaliating against a victim or witness through harassment or using threats of harm, injury or property damage. Retaliation against a witness is a class 3 felony, with penalties including 4 to 12 years in prison and up to $750,000 in fines.
In Colorado, offering money or other benefits to a witness or victim of a crime to influence their decisions is bribing a witness. Bribing a witness is a felony. The penalties for bribery of a witness or victim includes up to 6 years in prison and a fine of up to $500,000.
Call us for help...
If you have been accused of intimidating a juror, please contact us at Colorado Legal Defense Group.
- C.R.S. 18-8-608(1)
- C.R.S. 18-8-601(1)
- C.R.S. 18-8-608(2)