Illegal Use or Misuse of Disability Placards
California Vehicle Code 4461 VC

 Under California law, you could face criminal penalties for misusing a disability placard (also known as "handicapped parking fraud").1

California Vehicle Code 4461 VC prohibits the following forms of misuse of disability parking placards:

  1. The lawful holder of a disabled person placard lending the placard to another person and/or knowingly permitting its use by someone not entitled to use it;
  2. A person displaying a disabled placard that was not issued to him/her or has been cancelled or revoked; and
  3. A person parking in a designated disabled parking space with a vehicle displaying a special disabled license plate that was issued to someone else.2

Examples

Here are some examples of behavior that could violate California's law on illegal use of disabled parking placards:

  • A college athlete has been issued a temporary disabled parking placard while she recovers from a serious injury to her leg. She sometimes lends the placard to friends and teammates when they drive to neighborhoods where parking is hard to find.
  • A man receives a disabled person placard, but then the California DMV revokes it after they discover that he made false statements to the DMV when applying for it. But he still has the physical placard and continues to display it on his car.
  • A non-disabled woman with a disabled husband regularly drives her husband's car, which has a disabled parking symbol on its license plate, and parks in the disabled spots at her local grocery store.

Penalties

There are two potential kinds of penalties for violating Vehicle Code 4461.

If you are charged with this offense, you may receive only a civil fine that is comparable to a parking ticket. This fine will be between two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and one thousand dollars ($1,000).3

OR you may be charged with illegal use of a disabled placard as a California misdemeanor.

In this case, you could face the criminal penalties of up to six (6) months in county jail, and/or a criminal fine of between two hundred fifty ($250) and one thousand dollars ($1,000).4

Legal defenses

It can come as a major shock to be charged with a criminal offense for handicapped parking fraud. In many cases, these charges are a life-changer for someone who has never been involved with the criminal justice system before

An experienced California criminal defense attorney can help. S/he will know the most effective common legal defenses to charges of misusing a disabled placard.

These include:

  • You did not knowingly let someone else use your disabled placard; and/or
  • You were transporting a disabled person.

In order to help you better understand the California crime of misuse or illegal use of a disabled placard, our California criminal defense attorneys will address the following:

1. Legal Definition of Misuse of a Disabled Person Placard in California

1.1. Letting someone else use your disabled placard
1.2. Displaying a placard that does not belong to you or is canceled or revoked
1.3. Parking in a disabled spot while not transporting a disabled person

2. Penalties for Illegal Use/Misuse of a Disabled Placard

3. Legal Defenses to Illegal Use of a Disabled Parking Placard Charges

4. Vehicle Code 4461 VC and Related Offenses

4.1. Vehicle Code 4463 counterfeit disability placards
4.2. Penal Code 472 forgery of a public seal
4.3. Vehicle Code 31 false information to a peace officer

If, after reading this article, you would like more information, we invite you to contact us at Shouse Law Group.

1. Legal Definition of Misuse of a Disabled Person Placard in California

There are three distinct ways to violate California's law against misuse/illegal use of a disabled placard. We will address the legal definition of each of these in turn.

Dpplacard_wheelchair_20parking_20sign
There are multiple ways to violate California's law on misuse of a disabled placard.
1.1. Letting someone else use your disabled placard

You may be charged with handicapped parking fraud if your behavior meets the following legal definition of the offense:

  1. You have been issued a disabled person placard or identification license plate by the DMV;
  2. You lend your placard to someone else, OR you knowingly permit someone else to use your placard or your car bearing a disabled identification license plate; and
  3. That other person is not entitled to use a disabled placard or license plate.5

Let's take a better look at the terms in this definition.

Issued a disabled placard or license plate

If you have a disability affecting your mobility, and/or if you are a disabled veteran, the California DMV will issue you one or both of:

  1. A disabled parking placard that may be hung on your rearview mirror; and/or
  2. A special license plate indicating that your car is driven by a disabled person.6

The DMV will also issue temporary disabled parking placards to people who are temporarily disabled (for up to six (6) months) due to illness or injury.7

The California DMV requires that a medical professional (or, in the case of a disabled veteran, the Department of Veterans Affairs) certify that you are disabled before it will issue a placard or special identification license plate.8

Dpplacard_waker
The California DMV may issue a disabled parking placard for a medical condition requiring use of a walker.

The DMV issues these disabled person placards and plates (sometimes referred to as “DP Placards” and “DP Plates”) to people who have one of the following conditions:

  • Loss of one or more lower extremities;
  • Loss of both hands;
  • A diagnosed disease that substantially impairs or interferes with mobility;
  • A severe disability that prevents you from moving without the aid of an assistive device; and/or
  • Specific vision problems such as lower-vision or partial-sightedness.9

Example: Irene is an elderly driver. She has good vision and is in excellent mental shape, but her severe arthritis increasingly prevents her from engaging in normal physical activity.

Finally Irene's doctor prescribes her a walker to help her get around more comfortably. He also tells her to apply for a disabled parking placard and signs a certification form for her.

Irene applies for and receives a disabled placard and is now able to park in disabled spaces.

Lend your placard to someone else or knowingly permit them to use it

If you have a temporary or permanent DP Placard or DP Plate, you will violate VC 4461 if you EITHER:

  1. Lend it to someone else; or
  2. Knowingly permit another person to use it, if s/he is not entitled to do so.10

Example: Let's take Irene from our example above. Irene's son Tom lives near her.

Tom likes to shop at a wholesale store with an always-crowded parking lot, and he is delighted when Irene receives her DP Placard. Whenever he and his wife go shopping at that store, they stop by Irene's house first to borrow her placard so they can park in the disabled spaces.

Irene is guilty of misuse of a disabled parking placard for lending her placard to Tom.

Note that the law on illegal use of a DP placard or plate requires that you knowingly permit another person to use it. This means that you must be aware that s/he is using your placard or plate, and that s/he is not entitled to do so.

Dpplacard_california_20placard
It is against the law to lend your disabled parking placard to someone who is not entitled to use it.
1.2. Displaying a placard that does not belong to you or is canceled or revoked

Another way that you can violate California's law on disabled parking placards/plates is by:

  1. Displaying a parking placard on your car,
  2. If that placard either does not belong to you, has been canceled or has been revoked.11

Note that you do not actually need to have parked in a disabled parking spot to be guilty of illegal use or misuse of a parking placard. Just displaying the placard on your car is sufficient for a conviction.12

Example: Juan breaks his leg and has to use crutches for several months. He obtains a temporary DP placard for his car during the period when he is on crutches.

Juan's leg heals, and he no longer needs crutches. His placard also expires.

But he thinks that he still might be able to make some money selling the expired placard on the black market. So he keeps it in his car, hanging from his mirror. He stops parking in disabled spots, though, because he worries that will lead to him getting caught and the placard getting confiscated.

Juan is guilty of misuse of a disabled placard for displaying the expired placard—even though he has not yet tried to sell it and has not been using it to park in disabled spots.

1.3. Parking in a disabled spot while not transporting a disabled person

Dpplacard_disabled_20parking_20spot
Vehicle Code 4461 VC prohibits parking a car with a DP plate in a disabled spot if you are not disabled.

Finally, you can violate Vehicle Code 4461 VC by:

  1. Using a vehicle that displays a DP Plate; and
  2. Parking it in a disabled stall or spot;
  3. When you are not transporting a disabled person.13

Example: Morris and Eva are married. Morris has a neurological disorder that restricts his mobility. His car displays a disabled license plate; Eva's car does not.

Whenever Eva drives to the downtown area of their city, where parking is hard to find, she makes a point of taking Morris's car and using it to park in disabled spots. Eva does this even when Morris is not coming with her.

Eva is guilty of misuse of a disabled plate.

BUT

Example: Eva and Morris drive to a restaurant together in Morris's car (which has a DP Plate).

Eva drops Morris off right in front of the restaurant entrance so he doesn't have to walk at all. Then she drives to the parking lot behind the restaurant and parks the car in a disabled stall.

Eva is NOT guilty of illegal use of a disabled plate because she was using the car to transport a disabled person (Morris).

2. Penalties for Illegal Use/Misuse of a Disabled Placard

There are two forms of penalty for violations of California's law against illegal use or misuse of a disabled placard.

Civil fines

The first form is civil penalties. These penalties are similar to the fines associated with parking tickets.14

The minimum civil fine for misuse of a disabled placard is two hundred fifty dollars ($250), and the maximum is one thousand dollars ($1,000).15

If you do not pay this fine, you may be charged with the crime of failure to pay in court on a traffic citation.

Criminal penalties

Prosecutors may also choose to pursue criminal penalties for violations of California Vehicle Code 4461.

Dpplacard_disabled_20parking_20plate
Misuse of a disabled person license plate can lead to jail time.

Illegal disabled placard misuse is a misdemeanor in California. The potential penalties are:

  • Misdemeanor (summary) probation;
  • Up to six (6) months in county jail; and/or
  • A fine of between two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and one thousand dollars ($1,000).16

Additional fines

Regardless of whether you face civil or criminal penalties for illegal use of a disabled placard/plate, there are additional fines that may be imposed on top of the ones just listed.

If you are charged with illegally displaying a placard or parking a car with a disabled plate, the court may decide to impose an additional civil fine of up to one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) for each conviction. (This fine may not be imposed if you are accused of letting someone else use your placard.)17

In addition, cities and counties in California may choose to pass an ordinance adding an additional penalty of one hundred dollars ($100) for misuse of a disabled placard.18

3. Legal Defenses to Illegal Use of a Disabled Parking Placard Charges

Many people don't know that misusing a disability parking placard is a crime that can lead to jail time—and to fines that are much heftier than those associated with your standard parking ticket.

To make matters worse, California DMV investigators are currently in the middle of a “get tough” campaign on illegal disabled placard use.

Almost one in ten Californians currently has a disabled placard or plate, and there is a growing belief that these placards are being used fraudulently.19 Increased enforcement—and increasingly aggressive penalties—have resulted from this.

Dpplacard_fines
A conviction for misuse of a parking placard can lead to very hefty fines.

If you find yourself facing charges for this offense, you will want to speak to an experienced criminal defense attorney. S/he can help you evaluate whether the following legal defenses could help you:

You did not knowingly let someone else use your placard

According to Santa Clarita criminal defense attorney John Murray20:

“If a family member, friend or acquaintance was using your disabled placard illegally, there's a decent chance that overzealous DMV investigators will want to charge you too. But you cannot be punished just for not keeping close enough track of your placard. You are only guilty under VC 4461 if you agreed to lend the placard or if you knowingly let the other person use it illegally.”

So if the placard was taken without your permission—or if you believed that the person who used it was entitled to do so—you should not be guilty of this offense.

You were transporting a disabled person

A DMV investigator might see you park a car with a disabled plate in a disabled spot and then walk away without any apparent mobility problems. S/he may cite you on the spot without listening to your story.

But if you were transporting a disabled person in the vehicle, you are not guilty of illegal use or misuse of the disabled plate.

Maybe you were driving a relative, employer or friend who actually is disabled—but for whatever reason s/he had already exited the car by the time you parked.

If this is the case, your attorney can help make sure that you are able to tell your side of the story so you do not face criminal penalties.

4. Vehicle Code 4461 VC and Related Offenses

Vehicle Code 4461 misuse of a disabled placard is often charged along with —or instead of—one or more of several related California offenses. These include:

4.1. Vehicle Code 4463 counterfeit disability placards

Vehicle Code 4463(b) and (c) make it a crime to:

  1. Forge, counterfeit, or falsify a disabled person placard;
  2. Knowingly pass off (or attempt to pass off) as genuine a false, forged or counterfeit disabled person placard; or
  3. Acquire, possess, sell or offer to sell a counterfeit DP placard.21

If you do any of the above, you may be charged with the misdemeanor crime of counterfeit disability placards—which carries a county jail sentence of up to six (6) months, and/or a fine of between five hundred ($500) and one thousand dollars ($1,000).22

And if you simply display or permit the display of a counterfeit disabled placard, with intent to commit a fraud, then you will face the same penalties as for VC 4461 illegal use of a disability placard—either a civil penalty of $250 to $1,000, or a misdemeanor fine in the same amount and/or a county jail sentence of up to six (6) months.23

4.2. Penal Code 472 forgery of a public seal
Img-forgery-contract
Forgery of a public seal is a related offense to illegal use of a disabled parking placard or plate.

Illegal use or misuse of a disabled placard can also be associated with the crime of forgery of a public seal under Penal Code 472 PC.

This law makes it a crime to possess and “willfully conceal” a counterfeit seal of a government entity, with the intent to use it to commit a fraud.24

If you are illegally using someone else's disabled placard, and in connection with this you are carrying forged DMV documents that make it seem as if it is your placard—you may be charged both with forgery of a public seal and with VC 4461.

Forgery of a public seal is what is known as a “wobbler” in California law. This means that it can be charged as either a misdemeanor or a California felony.25

4.3. Vehicle Code 31 false information to a peace officer

Vehicle Code 31 VC makes it a crime to give any information to a peace officer—either in writing or orally—when you know that information is false.26

So if you are caught with a disabled person placard that does not belong to you, and you then tell the DMV investigator or other law enforcement officer who apprehends you that the placard is actually yours—then you may be charged with both misuse of a disabled placard and giving false information to a peace officer.

Giving false information to a peace/police officer is a misdemeanor in California.27

Call us for help…

Help-support-call-us

For questions about the crime of Vehicle Code 4461 VC illegal use or misuse of a disabled placard or plate, or to discuss your case confidentially with one of our California criminal defense attorneys, do not hesitate to contact us at Shouse Law Group.

We have local criminal law offices in and around Los Angeles, San Diego, Orange County, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura, San Jose, Oakland, the San Francisco Bay area, and several nearby cities.

For more information on Nevada “traffic violation” laws, please see our page on Nevada “traffic violation” laws.

You may also find helpful information in our related articles on False Statements to the DMV Vehicle Code 20 VC; Legal Definition of a California Misdemeanor; Common Legal Defenses to California Crimes; Elderly Drivers and the California DMV; Failure to Appear in Court on a Traffic Citation Vehicle Code 40508 VC; Misdemeanor (Summary) Probation in California; The Crime of Counterfeit Disability Placards Vehicle Code 4463 VC; California Criminal Fraud Laws; Penal Code 472 Forgery of a Public Seal; Legal Definition of a Wobbler in California Law; Legal Definition of a California Felony; and Vehicle Code 31 VC Giving False Information to a Peace Officer.

Legal References:


1 Vehicle Code 4461 VC – Lending evidence of registration or placards; disabled persons [placards]; parking; offenses; exception. (“(b) A person to whom a disabled person placard has been issued shall not lend the placard to another person, and a disabled person shall not knowingly permit the use for parking purposes of the placard or identification license plate issued pursuant to Section 5007 by one not entitled to it. A person to whom a disabled person placard has been issued may permit another person to use the placard only while in the presence or reasonable proximity of the disabled person for the purpose of transporting the disabled person. A violation of this subdivision is subject to the issuance of a notice of parking violation imposing a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), for which enforcement shall be governed by the procedures set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 or is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or both that fine and imprisonment. (c) Except for the purpose of transporting a disabled person as specified in subdivision (b), a person shall not display a disabled person placard that was not issued to him or her or that has been canceled or revoked pursuant to Section 22511.6. A violation of this subdivision is subject to the issuance of a notice of parking violation imposing a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), for which enforcement shall be governed by the procedures set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 or is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or both that fine and imprisonment. (d) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a), (b), and (c), a person using a vehicle displaying a special identification license plate issued to another pursuant to Section 5007 shall not park in those parking stalls or spaces designated for disabled persons pursuant to Section 22511.7 or22511.8, unless transporting a disabled person. A violation of this subdivision is subject to the issuance of a notice of parking violation imposing a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), for which enforcement shall be governed by the procedures set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 or is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or both that fine and imprisonment. (e) For the purposes of subdivisions (b) and (c), “disabled person placard” means a placard issued pursuant to Section 22511.55 or 22511.59.”)

2 Same.

3 Same.

See also Vehicle Code 40200 VC – Application of article. (“(a) Any violation of any regulation that is not a misdemeanor governing the standing or parking of a vehicle under this code [including misuse or illegal use of a disabled placard that is not charged as a misdemeanor], under any federal statute or regulation, or under any ordinance enacted by local authorities is subject to a civil penalty. The enforcement of those civil penalties shall be governed by the civil administrative procedures set forth in this article.”)

4 Vehicle Code 4461 VC – Lending evidence of registration or placards; disabled persons [placards]; parking; offenses; exception, endnote 1, above.

5 Same.

6 Vehicle Code 22511.55 VC – Issuance and renewal of disabled parking placard [for purposes of misuse of a disabled placard law]; conditions; printing requirements. (“(a)(1) A disabled person or disabled veteran may apply to the department for the issuance of a distinguishing placard. The placard may be used in lieu of the special license plate or plates issued under Section 5007 for parking purposes described in Section 22511.5 when (A) suspended from the rearview mirror, (B) if there is no rearview mirror, when displayed on the dashboard of a vehicle, or (C) inserted in a clip designated for a distinguishing placard and installed by the manufacturer on the driver's side of the front window. It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage the use of distinguishing placards because they provide law enforcement officers with a more readily recognizable symbol for distinguishing vehicles qualified for the parking privilege. The placard shall be the size, shape, and color determined by the department and shall bear the International Symbol of Access adopted pursuant to Section 3 of Public Law 100-641, commonly known as the “wheelchair symbol.” The department shall incorporate instructions for the lawful use of a placard, and a summary of the penalties for the unlawful use of a placard, into the identification card issued to the placard owner. . . (b)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (4), prior to issuing an original distinguishing placard to a disabled person or disabled veteran, the department shall require the submission of a certificate, in accordance with paragraph (2), signed by the physician and surgeon, or to the extent that it does not cause a reduction in the receipt of federal aid highway funds, by a nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, or physician assistant, substantiating the disability, unless the applicant's disability is readily observable and uncontested. The disability of a person who has lost, or has lost use of, one or more lower extremities or one hand, for a disabled veteran, or both hands, for a disabled person, or who has significant limitation in the use of lower extremities, may also be certified by a licensed chiropractor. The blindness of an applicant shall be certified by a licensed physician and surgeon who specializes in diseases of the eye or a licensed optometrist. The physician and surgeon, nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, physician assistant, chiropractor, or optometrist certifying the qualifying disability shall provide a full description of the illness or disability on the form submitted to the department.”)

Vehicle Code 5700 VC – Disabled persons, disabled veterans, or organizations involved in transportation of the disabled; special license plates [for purposes of misuse of a disabled placard law]; application and issuance requirements; return of plates to department upon death of veteran or disabled person, or upon sale of vehicle used for transportation of disabled persons. (“(a) The department shall, upon application and without additional fees, issue a special license plate or plates pursuant to procedures adopted by the department to all of the following: (1) A disabled person. (2) A disabled veteran. (3) An organization or agency involved in the transportation of disabled persons or disabled veterans if the motor vehicle that will have the special license plate is used solely for the purpose of transporting those persons. (b) The special license plates issued under subdivision (a) shall run in a regular numerical series that shall include one or more unique two-letter codes reserved for disabled person license plates or disabled veteran license plates. The International Symbol of Access adopted pursuant to Section 3 of Public Law 100-641, commonly known as the “wheelchair symbol” shall be depicted on each plate. (c)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (3), prior to issuing a special license plate to a disabled person or disabled veteran, the department shall require the submission of a certificate, in accordance with paragraph (2), signed by the physician and surgeon, or to the extent that it does not cause a reduction in the receipt of federal aid highway funds, by a nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, or physician assistant, substantiating the disability, unless the applicant's disability is readily observable and uncontested. The disability of a person who has lost, or has lost the use of, one or more lower extremities or one hand, for a disabled veteran, or both hands for a disabled person, or who has significant limitation in the use of lower extremities, may also be certified by a licensed chiropractor. The blindness of an applicant shall be certified by a licensed physician and surgeon who specializes in diseases of the eye or a licensed optometrist. The physician and surgeon, nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, physician assistant, chiropractor, or optometrist certifying the qualifying disability shall provide a full description of the illness or disability on the form submitted to the department. (2) The physician and surgeon, nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, physician assistant, chiropractor, or optometrist who signs a certificate submitted under this subdivision shall retain information sufficient to substantiate that certificate and, upon request of the department, shall make that information available for inspection by the Medical Board of California or the appropriate regulatory board. (3) For a disabled veteran, the department shall accept, in lieu of the certificate described in paragraph (1), a certificate from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs that certifies that the applicant is a disabled veteran as described in Section 295.7.”)

7 Vehicle Code 22511.59 VC – Temporary distinguishing placard; renewal [for purposes of illegal use of a disability placard law]. (“(a) Upon the receipt of the applications and documents required by subdivision (b), (c), or (d), the department shall issue a temporary distinguishing placard bearing the International Symbol of Access adopted pursuant to Section 3 of Public Law 100-641 commonly known as the “wheelchair symbol.” During the period for which it is valid, the temporary distinguishing placard may be used for the parking purposes described in Section 22511.5 in the same manner as a distinguishing placard issued pursuant to Section 22511.55. (b)(1) A person who is temporarily disabled for a period of not more than six months may apply to the department for the issuance of the temporary distinguishing placard described in subdivision (a). (2) Prior to issuing a placard pursuant to this subdivision, the department shall require the submission of a certificate signed by a physician and surgeon, or to the extent that it does not cause a reduction in the receipt of federal aid highway funds, by a nurse practitioner, certified nurse midwife, physician assistant, chiropractor, or optometrist, as described in subdivision (b) of Section 22511.55, substantiating the temporary disability and stating the date upon which the disability is expected to terminate.”)

8 See endnotes 5-7, above.

9 See “Disabled Person Parking Placard or License Plates FFVR 7,” California Department of Motor Vehicles.

10 Vehicle Code 4461 VC – Lending evidence of registration or placards; disabled persons [placards]; parking; offenses; exception, endnote 1, above.

11 Same.

12 Same.

13 Same.

14 See endnote 3, above.

15 Vehicle Code 4461 VC – Lending evidence of registration or placards; disabled persons [placards]; parking; offenses; exception, endnote 1, above.

16 Same.

17 Vehicle Code 4461.5 VC – Additional civil penalties; convictions; disabled person placards; parking. (“In addition to, or instead of, any fine imposed for conviction of a violation of subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 4461 [misuse of a disabled placard], the court may impose a civil penalty of not more than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) for each conviction.”)

18 Vehicle Code 4461.3 VC – Authority of city or county to adopt an ordinance or resolution to assess a penalty in addition to those imposed by §§ 4461 and 22507.8; use of proceeds. (“In addition to any fine imposed for conviction of a violation of Section 4461 or 22507.8, a city or county may adopt an ordinance or resolution to assess an additional penalty of one hundred dollars ($100). All revenue generated from imposition of the penalty shall be used specifically for the purpose of improving enforcement of the provisions of this code relating to disabled parking spaces and placards within the city or county. Revenue generated from imposition of the penalty may not be used to supplant funds used for other general parking enforcement purposes, but may be used to offset the cost of establishing a new disabled parking enforcement program.”)

19 “Placards can bring a curbside surprise”, Los Angeles Times, May 22, 2011.

20 Santa Clarita criminal defense attorney John Murray has earned a statewide reputation for representing clients accused of motor vehicle-related crimes, including illegal use or misuse of a disabled parking placard, across Los Angeles and Orange Counties. He is equally at home in the California criminal courts and at various California DMV hearing locations.

21 Vehicle Code 4463 VC – Forgery, alteration, counterfeit or falsification of registration, license plate, certificate, license, etc., or disabled person placard; penalties [may be charged along with or instead of illegal use or misuse of a disabled placard]. (“(b) A person who, with intent to prejudice, damage, or defraud, commits any of the following acts is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for six months, a fine of not less than five hundred dollars ($500) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both that fine and imprisonment, which penalty shall not be suspended: (1) Forges, counterfeits, or falsifies a disabled person placard or a comparable placard relating to parking privileges for disabled persons provided for by a foreign jurisdiction, or forges, counterfeits, or falsifies a disabled person placard with intent to represent it as issued by the department. (2) Passes, or attempts to pass, as true and genuine, a false, forged, or counterfeit disabled person placard knowing it to be false, forged, or counterfeited. (3) Acquires, possesses, sells, or offers for sale a genuine or counterfeit disabled person placard. (c) A person who, with fraudulent intent, displays or causes or permits to be displayed a forged, counterfeit, or false disabled person placard, is subject to the issuance of a notice of parking violation imposing a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), for which enforcement shall be governed by the procedures set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 or is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for six months, a fine of not less than two hundred fifty dollars ($250) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both that fine and imprisonment, which penalty shall not be suspended. (d) For purposes of subdivision (b) or (c), “disabled person placard” means a placard issued pursuant to Section 22511.55 or 22511.59.”)

22 Same.

23 Same.

24 Penal Code 472 PC – Forgery of a public seal [related to crime of misuse of a disabled placard]. (“Every person who, with intent to defraud another, forges, or counterfeits the seal of this State, the seal of any public officer authorized by law, the seal of any Court of record, or the seal of any corporation, or any other public seal authorized or recognized by the laws of this State, or of any other State, Government, or country, or who falsely makes, forges, or counterfeits any impression purporting to be an impression of any such seal, or who has in his possession any such counterfeited seal or impression thereof, knowing it to be counterfeited, and willfully conceals the same, is guilty of forgery.”)

25 Penal Code 473 PC – Forgery; punishment [compare to penalties for misuse of a disabled placard]. (“(a) Forgery is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.”)

26 Vehicle Code 31 VC – False information to peace officer [may be charged along with misuse of a disabled placard]. (“No person shall give, either orally or in writing, information to a peace officer while in the performance of his duties under the provisions of this code when such person knows that the information is false.”)

27 Vehicle Code 40000.5 VC – Misdemeanors. (“A violation of any of the following provisions shall constitute a misdemeanor, and not an infraction: . . . Section 31, relating to giving false information.”)

Free attorney consultations...

Our attorneys want to hear your side of the story. Contact us 24/7 to schedule a FREE consultation with a criminal defense lawyer. We may be able to get your charges reduced or even dismissed altogether. And if necessary, we will champion your case all the way to trial.

Regain peace of mind...

Our defense attorneys understand that being accused of a crime is one of the most difficult times of your life. Rely on us to zealously and discreetly protect your rights and to fight for the most favorable resolution possible.

Office Locations

Shouse Law Group has multiple locations all across California and Nevada. Click Office Locations to find out which office is right for you.

To contact us, please select your state:

Call us 24/7 (855) 396-0370